Utility Group

Akita

Posted in Utility Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Originally Japanese dogs were small to medium in size and no large breeds existed. Since 1603 in the Akita region, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bear-hunting dogs) were used as fighting dogs. From 1868 Akita Matagis were crossed with Tosas and Mastiffs. Consequently, the size of this breed increased but characteristics associated with Spitz type were lost. In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited but this breed was nevertheless preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed. As a result, nine superior examples of this breed were designated as ‘Natural Monuments’ in 1931.
During World War II (1939-1945), it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military garments. The police ordered the capture and confiscation of all dogs other than German Shepherd Dogs used for military purposes. Some fanciers tried to circumvent the order by crossbreeding their dogs with German Shepherd Dogs.
When World War II ended, Akitas had been drastically reduced in number and existed as three distinct types 1) Matagi Akitas, 2) fighting Akitas, and 3) Shepherd Akitas. This created a very confusing situation in the breed.
During the restoration process of the pure breed after the War, Kongo-go, a dog of the Dewa line, which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd Dog influence, enjoyed a temporary but tremendous popularity. However, sensible learned fanciers did not approve of this type as a proper Japanese breed, so they made efforts to eliminate the strain old foreign breeds by crossbreeding with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure breed. They succeeded in stabilising the pure strain of large sized breed as known today.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Large-sized dog, sturdily built, well balanced and with much substance; secondary sex characteristics strongly marked, with high nobility and dignity in modesty; constitution tough.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
The ratio of height at withers to length of body (from the point of the shoulders to the point of the buttock) is 10 : 11, but the body is slightly longer in bitches than in dogs.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT
The temperament is composed, faithful, docile and receptive.

HEAD
CRANIAL REGION
Skull -The size is in proportion to the body. The forehead is broad, with distinct furrow. No wrinkle.
Stop - Defined.
FACIAL REGION
Nose - Large and black. Slight and diffuse lack of pigment accepted in white dogs only, but black is always preferred.
Muzzle - Moderately long and strong with broad base, tapering but not pointed. Nasal bridge straight.
Jaws/Teeth - Teeth strong with scissor bite.
Lips - Tight.
Cheeks - Moderately developed.
Eyes - Relatively small, almost triangular in shape due to the rising of the outer eye corner, set moderately apart, dark brown : the darker, the better.
Ears - Relatively small, thick, triangular, slightly rounded at tips, set moderately apart, pricked and inclining forward.
NECK
Thick and muscular, without dewlap, in balance with head.
BODY
Back - Straight and strong.
Loin - Broad and muscular.
Chest - Deep, forechest well developed, ribs moderately well sprung.
Belly - Well drawn up.
TAIL
Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled over back; the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders - Moderately sloping and developed.
Elbows - Tight.
Forearms - Straight and heavy-boned.
HINDQUARTERS
Well developed, strong and moderately angulated.
Feet
Thick, round, arched and tight.
GAIT
Resilient and powerful movement.
COAT
Hair- Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense; the withers and the rump are covered with slightly longer hair; the hair on tail is longer than on the rest of the body.
Colour - Red fawn, sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips), brindle and white. All the abovementioned colours except white must have ‘urajiro’. (Urajiro = whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, on the underside of jaw, neck, chest, body and tail and on the inside of the legs).
SIZE
Height at the withers : Dogs: 67cm.
Bitches: 61 cm.
There is a tolerance of 3cm more or less.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded be in exact proportion to its degree.
- Bitchy dogs/doggy bitches
- Undershot or overshot mouth
- Missing teeth
Blue or black spotted tongue
- Iris light in colour
- Short tail
- Shyness

ELIMINATING FAULTS
- Ears not pricked
- Hanging tail
- Long hair (shaggy)
- Black mask
- Markings on white ground
NB Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

FCI 2.4.01 255 (Gp 5) Fedco 5/01
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the publisher.
The publisher of this edition is the Kennel Union of Southern Africa.

23.10.2001

Boston Terrier

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Smooth coated, relatively short-headed, compactly built, short tailed, well balanced dog of medium size, brindle in colour, evenly marked with white. Body rather short and well knit; limbs strong and neatly turned; tail short and no feature so prominent that the dog appears badly proportioned. Dog must convey an impression of determination, strength and activity, with style of a high order; carriage easy and graceful.

CHARACTERISTICS
Lively and intelligent.

TEMPERAMENT
Determined and strong willed.

HEAD & SKULL
Skull square in appearance, flat on top, free from wrinkles; cheeks flat; brow abrupt, stop well defined. Muzzle relatively short, square, wide and deep with no tendency to taper and in proportion to skull; free from wrinkles; shorter in length than in width and depth, approximately one third of length of skull; width and depth carried out well to end; muzzle from stop to end of nose on a line parallel to top of skull; nose black, wide with well-defined line between nostrils. Jaws broad and square. Flews of good depth, not pendulous, completely covering teeth when mouth closed. Head in proportion to size of dog.

EYES
Wide apart, round and not too large and round, dark in colour; expression alert, kind and intelligent. Eyes set square in skull, outside corners on a line with cheeks when viewed from front.

EARS
Carried erect; small, thin, situated as near corner of skull as possible.

MOUTH
Teeth short and regular, bite even, or sufficiently undershot to square muzzle.

NECK
Of fair length, slightly arched, carrying head gracefully; neatly set into shoulders. 

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders sloping, legs set moderately wide apart on line with point of shoulders; straight in bone and well-muscled; pasterns short and strong. Elbows turning neither in nor out.

BODY
Deep with good width of chest; back short; ribs deep and well sprung, carried well back to loins; loins short and muscular; rump curving slightly to set on of tail; flank very slightly cut up; body appears short but not chunky.

HINDQUARTERS
Legs set true, good turn of stifle, hocks well let down; turning neither in nor out; thighs strong and well-muscled.

FEET
Round, small, compact, turning neither in nor out; toes well arched.

TAIL
Set on low; short, fine, tapering, straight or screw; devoid of fringes or coarse hair, never carried above horizontal.

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Easy and graceful. Sure footed straight gaited, forelegs and hindlegs moving straight ahead with perfect rhythm. Each step indicating grace and power.

COAT
Short, smooth, lustrous and fine in texture.

COLOUR
Brindle with white markings; brindle must show throughout body distinctly; black with white markings but brindles with white markings preferred. Ideal markings; white muzzle, even white blaze over head, collar, breast, part of whole of forelegs, and hindlegs below hocks.

SIZE
Weight not exceeding11.5 kg (25 lb) divided by classes as follows:
Lightweight : under 6.8 kg (15 lb)
Middleweight: 6.8 kg (15 lb) and under 9.1 kg (20 lb)
Heavyweight: 9.1 kg (20 lb) and under 11.4 kg (25 lb)

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

                                                                                                           

Bulldog

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Smooth-coated, fairly thick set, rather low in stature, broad, powerful and compact. Head, fairly large in proportion to size but no point so much in excess of others as to destroy the general symmetry, or make the dog appear deformed, or interfere with its powers of motion. Face relatively short, muzzle broad, blunt and inclined upwards although not excessively so. Dogs showing respiratory distress highly undesirable. Body fairly short, well knit, limbs stout, well-muscled and in hard condition with no tendency towards obesity. Hindquarters high and strong. Bitches not so grand or well developed as dogs.

CHARACTERISTICS
Conveys impression of determination, strength and activity.

TEMPERAMENT
Alert, bold, loyal, dependable, courageous, fierce in appearance, but possessed of AFFECTIONATE NATURE.

HEAD AND SKULL
Skull relatively large in circumference. Viewed from front appears high from corner of lower jaw to apex of skull; also broad and square. Cheeks well rounded and extended sideways beyond eyes. Viewed from side, head appears very high and moderately short from back to point of nose. Forehead flat with skin on and about head slightly loose and finely wrinkled without excess, neither prominent nor overhanging face. From defined stop, a furrow extending to middle of skull being traceable to apex. Face from front of cheek bone to nose, relatively short, skin may be slightly wrinkled. Muzzle short, broad, turned upwards and deep from corner of eye to corner of mouth. Nose and nostrils large, broad and black, under no circumstances liver colour, red or brown. Distance from inner corner of eye (or from centre of stop between eyes) to extreme tip of nose should not be less than distance from tip of the nose to edge of the underlip. Nostrils large wide and open, with well-defined vertical straight line between. Flews (chops) thick, broad and deep, covering lower jaws at sides, but joining underlip in front. Teeth not visible. Jaws broad, strong and square, lower jaw slightly projecting in front of upper with moderate turn up. Over nose wrinkle, if present, whole or broken, must never adversely affect or obscure eyes or nose. Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose roll are unacceptable and should be heavily penalised. Viewed from front, the various properties of the face must be equally balanced on either side of an imaginary line down centre.

EYES
Seen from front, situated low down in skull, well away from ears. Eyes and stop in same straight line, at right angles to furrow. Wide apart, but outer corners within the outline of cheeks. Round, of moderate size, neither sunken nor prominent, in colour very dark – almost black – showing no white when looking directly forward. Free from obvious eye problems.

EARS
Set high – i.e. front edge of each ear (as viewed from front) joins outline of skull at top corner of such outline, so as to place them as wide apart, as high and as far from eyes as possible. Small and thin. ’Rose ear‘ correct, i.e. folding inwards back, upper or front inner edge curving outwards and backwards, showing part of inside of burr. 
Mouth
Jaws broad and square with six small front teeth between canines in an even row. Canines wide apart. Teeth large and strong, not seen when mouth closed. When viewed from front under jaw directly under upper jaw and parallel.

NECK
Moderate in length, thick, deep and strong. Well arched at back, with some loose, skin about throat, forming slight dewlap on each side.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders broad, sloping and deep, very powerful and muscular giving appearance of being ’tacked on‘ body. Brisket round and deep. Well let down between forelegs. Ribs not flat-sided, but well rounded. Forelegs very stout and strong, well developed, set wide apart, thick, muscular and straight, bones of legs large and straight, not bandy nor curved and short in proportion to hindlegs, but not so short as to make back appear long, or detract from dog’s activity. Elbows low and standing well away from ribs. Pasterns short, straight and strong.

BODY
Chest wide, prominent and deep. Back short, strong, broad at shoulders. Slight fall to back close behind shoulders (lowest part) whence spine should rise to loins (top higher than top of shoulder), curving again more suddenly to tail, forming slight arch – a distinctive characteristic of breed. Body well ribbed up behind with belly tucked up and not pendulous.

HINDQUARTERS
Legs large and muscular, slightly longer in proportion than forelegs. Hocks slightly bent, well let down; legs long and muscular from loins to hock. Stifles turned very slightly outwards away from body.

FEET
Fore, straight and turning very slightly outward; of medium size and moderately round. Hind, round and compact. Toes compact and thick, well split up, making knuckles prominent and high.

TAIL
Set on low, jutting out rather straight and then turning downwards. Round, smooth and devoid of fringe or coarse hair. Moderate in length – rather short than long – thick at root, tapering quickly to a fine point. Downward carriage (not having a decided upward curve at end) and never carried above back. 
Lack of tail, inverted or extremely tight tails are undesirable.

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Appearing to walk with short, quick steps on tips of toes, hind feet not lifted high, appearing to skim ground, running with one or other shoulder rather advanced. Soundness of movement of the utmost importance.

COAT
Fine texture, short, close and smooth (hard only from shortness and closeness, not wiry).

COLOUR
Whole or smut, (i.e. whole colour with black mask or muzzle). Only whole colours (which should be brilliant and pure of their sort) viz., brindles, reds with their various shades, fawns, fallows etc., white and pied (i.e. combination of white with any of the foregoing colours). Dudley, black and black with tan highly undesirable.

SIZE
Dogs: 25 kg (55 lb); bitches: 23 kg (50 lb).

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
             

                                         

                                                                                                                                      

Canaan Dog

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. 

UTILIZATION:

Watch- and security Dog.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

A medium sized, well balanced, strong and square dog resembling the wild dog type. Strong distinction between the sexes.

BEHAVIOUR /TEMPERAMENT:

Alert, quick to react, distrustful of strangers, strongly defensive but not naturally aggressive. Vigilant not only against man but other animals as well. Extraordinarily devoted and amenable to training.

HEAD: Well proportioned, blunt wedge shape of medium length, appearing broader due to low set ears.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull: Somewhat flattened. Some width allowed in powerful male heads.

Stop: Shallow but defined.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Black.

Muzzle: Sturdy, of moderate length and breadth.

Lips: Tight.

Jaws / Teeth: Jaws should be strong. Full dentition with scissor or level bite.

Eyes: Dark brown, slightly slanted, almond-shaped. Dark rims essential.

Ears: Erect, relatively short and broad, slightly rounded at the tip and set low.

NECK: Muscular, of medium length.

BODY:

Square.

Withers: Well developed.

Back: Level.

Loins: Muscular.

Chest: Deep and of moderate breadth. Ribs well sprung.

Belly: Well tucked up.

TAIL:

Set high, thick brush carried curled over the back.

LIMBS:

Moderate angulations. Balance is essential.

FOREQUARTERS:

General appearance: Forelegs perfectly straight.

Shoulders: Oblique and muscular.

Elbows: Close to the body.

HINDQUARTERS:

General appearance: Powerful.

Thighs: Strong, lightly feathered at the rearside.

Stifles: Well bent.

Hocks: Well let down.

FEET:

Strong, round and cat-like with hard pads.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Quick, light and energetic trot. Should demonstrate marked agility and stamina. Correct movement is essential.

COAT:

HAIR: Outer coat dense, harsh and straight, of short to medium length. Undercoat close and profuse.

COLOUR: Sand to red-brown, white, black, or spotted, with or without mask. If masked, mask must be symmetrical. Black mask permitted on all colours. White markings are permitted on all colours : « Boston Terrier » patterns are common. Grey, brindle, black-and-tan, or tricolour are unacceptable. Desert colours-sand, gold, red, cream- are most typical of the breed.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Size: Height at withers: 50-60cm.

Males can be considerably larger than females.

Weight: 18-25kg.

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

Aggressive or overly shy dogs.

Any dog clearly showing physical of behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

                                                          

Chow Chow

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Active, compact, short coupled and essentially well balanced, leonine in appearance, proud, dignified bearing; well-knit frame; tail carried well over back. Should always be able to move freely and must not have so much coat as to impede activity or cause distress in hot weather.

CHARACTERISTICS
Quiet dog; good guard; bluish-black tongue; its distinctive short-striding gait allows it to move freely, never lumbering and with excellent endurance.

TEMPERAMENT
Independent, loyal, yet aloof.

HEAD & SKULL
Skull flat, broad; stop not pronounced, well filled out under eyes. Muzzle moderate in length, broad from eyes to end (not pointed at end like a fox). Nose, large and wide in all cases, black with exception of cream and near white in which case a light coloured nose permissible, and in blues and fawns a self-coloured nose.(but black preferable in all cases).

EYES
Dark, oval shaped, medium sized and clean. A matching coloured eye permissible in blues and fawns. Clean eye, free from entropion, never being penalised for sake of mere size.

EARS
Small, thick, slightly rounded at tip, carried stiffly and wide apart but tilting well forward over eyes and slightly towards each other, giving peculiar characteristic scowling expression of the breed. Scowl never to be achieved by loose wrinkled skin of head.

MOUTH
Teeth strong and level, jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. A solid black mouth including the roof and flews with a bluish black tongue is ideal. However some dilution may be evident in the gums of blues and fawns and this dilution may be more pronounced in creams and whites.

NECK
Strong, full, not short, set well on shoulders and slightly arched. Of sufficient length to carry the head proudly above the topline.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders muscular and sloping. Elbows equidistant between withers and ground. Forelegs perfectly straight, with good bone.

BODY
Chest broad and deep. Ribs well sprung but not barrelled. The distance from withers to elbow is equal to the distance from elbow to ground. Back short, level and strong. Loins powerful.

HINDQUARTERS
In profile the foot is directly under the hip joint. Well-developed first and second thigh with only slight bend of stifle. Hocks well let down. From hocks downwards to appear straight, hocks never flexing forward.

FEET
Small, round, cat like, standing well up on toes.

TAIL
Set high, carried well over back.

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Relatively short striding, hind feet not lifting high, appearing to skim the ground in pendulum like action when seen in profile. Forelegs and hindlegs moving parallel to each other and straight forward. Dogs should always be able to move freely and soundly without any sign of distress.

COAT
Either rough or smooth. Any artificial shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline or expression should be penalised with the exception of feet which may be tidied.
Rough: profuse, abundant, dense, straight and stand-off, but not excessive in length. Outer coat coarse, with soft woolly undercoat. Especially thick round neck forming mane or ruff and with good culottes or breechings on back of thighs.
Smooth: short, double coat, dense, straight, upstanding, not flat, plush-like in texture.

COLOUR
Whole coloured black, red, blue, fawn, cream or white, frequently shaded but not in patches or parti coloured (underpart of tail and back of thighs frequently of a lighter colour).

SIZE
Dogs: 48-56cm (19-22 in) at shoulder Bitches: 46-51 cm (18-20 in) at shoulder

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADVANCED REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE, Fedco 12/99. 

Before submitting any application the following requirements must have been fulfilled:

1. Must be on the Kennel Union Breed Register
2. Be positively identified by microchip 
3. Be over twenty four (24) months of age
4. Be a Kennel Union Breed (conformation) Champion
5. The registered name of the dog must contain an Affix (Kennel name) 
6. The dog has been x-rayed for Hip Dysplasia aged twelve (12) months or older and been issued with an acceptable Certificate, incorporating its KUSA Registered name and number together with positive identification details, confirming it has hips graded A1 and A2 and B1
7. A certificate issued by a registered Veterinarian incorporating the KUSA Registered Name and number together with positive identification details confirming there is no luxation of the patella’s or clinical signs thereof
8. A certificate issued by a registered Veterinarian, incorporating the KUSA Registered Name and number, together with positive identification details confirming that there are no signs of entropion or that any surgical procedure has been carried out on them.

9. In the case of male dogs a Certificate is issued by a registered Veterinarian, incorporating the KUSA Registered Name and number together with positive identification details confirming that it has both testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Amendment to ARC, Fedco Dec 2016 effective 01.04.17

Dalmatian

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
A distinctively spotted dog, balanced, strong, muscular and active. Symmetrical in outline, free from coarseness and lumber.

CHARACTERISTICS
A carriage dog of good demeanour, capable of great endurance and a fair turn of speed. 

TEMPERAMENT
Outgoing and friendly, not shy or hesitant, free from nervousness and aggression.

HEAD & SKULL
Of fair length, skull flat, reasonably broad between ears, moderately well defined in front of ears. Entirely free from wrinkle. Moderate amount of stop. Muzzle powerful, never snipey; Distance from nose to stop equals that from stop to occiput. Lips clean, fitting jaws moderately closely. Nose in black spotted variety always black, in liver spotted variety always brown.

EYES
Set moderately well apart, medium size, oval in shape, bright and sparkling, with intelligent expression. Colour, dark brown in black spotted, amber in liver spotted, with uniformly pigmented irises. Fully pigmented eye rims, black in black spotted, and liver brown in liver spotted.

EARS
Set on rather high, moderate size, rather wide at base, gradually tapering to rounded point. Fine in texture, carried close to head. Marking well broken up, preferably spotted.

MOUTH
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, e.g. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK
Fairly long, nicely arched, light and tapering. Entirely free from throatiness.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders well laid back muscular with length of shoulder and upper arm approximately equal. Elbows set close to body. Forelegs perfectly straight with strong round bone down to feet, with slight spring at pastern joint.

BODY
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height from withers to ground. Chest not too wide but deep and capacious with plenty of lung and heart room. Ribs well sprung and carried well back. Well defined withers, powerful level back. Loin strong, clean, muscular and slightly arched.

HINDQUARTERS
Rounded, muscles clean with well developed second thigh, good turn of stifle, hocks well defined.

FEET
Round, compact, with well arched toes, cat-like, round, tough, elastic pads. Nails black or white in black spotted variety, in liver spotted, brown or white.

TAIL
Length reaching approximately to hock. Strong at insertion gradually tapering toward end, never inserted too low or too high, free from coarseness and carried with a slight upward curve, never curled. Preferably spotted.

GAIT / MOVEMENT
Great freedom of movement. Smooth, powerful, rhythmic action with long stride. Viewed from fore and aft, the legs should appear straight with a degree of convergence towards the centre line at the trot. The feet should move along straight lines with the rear feet tracking the fore. A short stride and padding action incorrect.

COAT
Short, hard, dense; sleek and glossy in appearance.

COLOUR
Ground colour pure white. Black spotted, dense black spots, and liver spotted, liver brown spots; not running together but round and well defined. In size 2cm-3cm in diameter as well distributed as possible. Spots on extremities smaller than those on body. Tri-colours and spotting other than black or liver unacceptable. Bronzing on spots undesirable in adults. Some patching on ears or head not to be penalized.

SIZE
Overall balance of prime importance.
Ideal height: Dogs 58 - 61 cm (23 - 24 in) Bitches 56 - 58 cm (22 - 23 in)

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
Male animals have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

French Bulldog

Posted in Utility Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 01.01.2016)

UTILIZATION:

Companion and Toy dog.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:

Probably descending, like all mastiffs, from the Epirus and the Roman Empire molossers, relative of the Bulldog of Great Britain, the Alaunts (tribe of the Middle Ages), the mastiffs and small-type mastiffs of France. The bulldog we know is the product of different crossings done by enthusiastic breeders in the popular quarters of Paris in the 1880s. During that period, the Bulldog was a dog belonging to Parisian market porters, butchers and coachmen, it soon won over high society and the artistic world by its particular appearance and character. It rapidly became popular. The first breed club was founded in 1880 in Paris. The first registration dates from 1885 and the first standard was established in 1898, the year in which the French Kennel Club recognized the French Bulldog breed. The first dog of this breed was shown at an exhibition as early as 1887. The standard, modified in 1931-1932 and 1948, was reformulated in 1986 by H.F. Reant with the collaboration of R. Triquet (F.C.I. publication 1987), then in 1994 by Violette Guillon (F.C.I. publication 1995) and in 2012 by the French Bulldog Club committee.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

The type is of a small-sized molossian. A powerful dog for its small size, short, stocky, compact in all its proportions, smooth-coated, with a snub nose, erect ears and a naturally short tail. Must have the appearance of an active, intelligent, very muscular dog, of a compact build with a solid bone structure. No point is exaggerated compared to the others, which could spoil the dog’s general harmony, in appearance and in movement.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

The length of the body – between the point of the shoulder and the point of the buttocks – slightly surpasses the height at the withers. The length of muzzle is about 1/6 of the total length of the head.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:

Sociable, lively, playful, possessive and keen companion dog.

HEAD:

Must be strong, broad and square, covered by the skin of the head which forms symmetrical folds and wrinkles, without excess.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull: Broad, almost flat from ear to ear, domed forehead. Proeminent superciliary arches, separated by a particularly developed furrow between the eyes. The furrow must not extend onto the skull. External occipital protuberance is barely developed.

Stop: Pronounced.

FACIAL REGION:

The head of the Bulldog is characterized by a shortening of the maxillary-nasal part as well as a slight to moderate slope of the nose backwards. The nose is slightly upturned (“snub nose”).

Nose: Black, broad, snubbed, with symmetrical and well opened nostrils, slanting towards the rear. The slope of the nostrils as well as the upturned nose must, however, allow normal nasal breathing.

Muzzle: Very short, broad, with concentric symmetrical folds.

Lips: Thick, a little loose and black. The upper lip meets the lower lip at its middle, completely covering the teeth. The profile of the upper lip is descending and rounded. The tongue must never show when the dog is not excited.

Jaws/Teeth: Broad and powerful. The lower jaw projects in front of the upper jaw and turns up. The arch of the lower incisors is rounded. The jaw must not show lateral deviation, or torsion.

The gap between the incisors of the upper and the lower jaw should not be strictly delimited, the essential condition being that the upper and the lower lips meet to completely cover the teeth. The lower incisors surpass the upper incisors. Sufficiently developed incisors and canines. Complete bite is desirable.

Cheeks: Well developed.

Eyes: Clearly visible eyes, striking with lively expression, set low, quite far from the nose and the ears, dark coloured, rather large, rounded, showing no trace of white (sclera) when the dog is looking straight forward. Rims of eyelids must be black.

Ears: Medium size, wide at the base and rounded at the top. Set high on the head, but not too close together, carried erect. The ear is open towards the front. The skin must be fine and soft to the touch.

NECK:

Short, powerful, slightly arched, without dewlap, broadens towards the shoulder.

BODY:

Topline: Rising progressively, but not excessively, from the withers towards the loin. That conformation – also called roachback – is typical for the breed.

Back: Broad and muscular, firm without slackness.

Loin: Short, broad and arched.

Croup: Well sloping.

Chest: Cylindrical and well let down (slightly under the elbows); very well sprung ribs, so-called “barrel shaped”. Fore chest, broad and square-shaped, seen from the front.

Underline and belly: Tucked up but not whippety.

TAIL:

Naturally short, ideally long enough to cover the anus, set low, rather straight, thick at the base and tapering at the tip. A kinked, knotted, broken or relatively long tail that does not reach beyond the point of the hocks, is admitted. It is carried low. Even in action, the tail must not rise above the horizontal.

LIMBS:

FOREQUARTERS:

General appearance: Forelegs upright (and straight) seen in profile and from the front.

Shoulder: Must be well laid back.

Upper arm: Short, thick, muscular, slightly curved.

Elbows: Close and tight to the body.

Forearm: Short, straight and muscular.

Carpus (Wrist): Solid and short.

Metacarpus (Pastern): Short and slightly oblique seen in profile.

Forefeet: Round, compact, of small dimension, i.e. «cat feet», turning slightly outward. The toes are tight, nails short, thick and black.

HINDQUARTERS:

General appearance: The hindlegs are strong and muscular, a little longer than the forelegs, thus raising the hindquarters. The legs are upright as seen both in profile and from behind.

Thigh: Well muscled, firm.

Hock joint: Quite well let down, neither too angulated nor too straight. Tarsus : solid.

Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Short.

Hind feet: Round, compact, turning neither inward nor outward.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

The legs moving parallel to the median plane of the body, whether seen in front or in profile. Free, powerful and smooth movement.

SKIN:

Firm.

COAT:

Hair: Smooth coat, close, glossy and soft, without undercoat.

Colour: fawn, brindled or not, with or without white spotting.

Coat with colouring:

Brindle: Fawn coat moderately characterized by transversal dark brindling creating a ‘tiger-marked’ effect, strongly brindled coats must not cover out the fawn ground colour. A black mask may be present. Limited white spotting is admissible.

Fawn: Solid coat, from light fawn to dark fawn, sometimes presenting a paler colouring of the inclined parts, with or without a black mask, although masked subjects are preferred. Sometimes accompanied by limited white spotting.

Coat with white spotting:

Brindled with moderate or important white spotting: So-called ‘pied’, the spotting being ideally distributed over the entire subject. Some blotches on the skin are admissible.

Fawn with moderate or important white spotting:

So-called ‘fawn and white’, the spotting being ideally distributed over the entire dog. Some blotches of the skin are tolerated. The nose is always black, in all coat colours, never brown or blue. The all–white subjects provided the edge of eyelids and nose are black – are admitted but not bred for, because of a risk of deafness.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at the withers: Males: 27–35 cm. Females: 24–32 cm.

A deviation of 1 cm above and below the standard is tolerated.

Weight: Males: 9–14 kg. Females: 8–13 kg.

500 g more than the standard weight is allowed when the subject is typical.

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Strongly flecked with black brindle with white coat.
  • Fawn and white coat strongly red speckled.
  • In fawn coats, deep black trace extending along the spine.
  • White stockings in brindles and fawns.
  • Light-coloured nails.

SEVERE FAULTS:

  • Overtyped, exaggerated breed characteristics.
  • Muzzle too long or excessively short.
  • Tongue visible when mouth is closed.
  • Light eyes (hawk eye).
  • Horizontal topline from withers to loin.
  • Excessive depigmentation of the lips, nose, eyelids, the rim of which should never be entirely depigmented.
  • Pincer bite.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dog.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Lacks type: insufficient ethnic characteristics which result in the dog not really resembling other subjects of the breed.
  • Completely closed nostrils.
  • Torsion or lateral deviation of the jaw, resulting in the tongue constantly being visible.
  • Dog with lower incisors articulating behind upper incisors.
  • Dog with permanently visible canines (fangs), mouth being closed.
  • Heterochrome eyes (wall eye).
  • Colour of nose other than black.
  • Ears not carried erect.
  • Taillessness or ingrown tail.
  • Dewclaw on hindquarters.
  • Reversed hock.
  • Long, wired-haired or woolly coat.
  • Colour not in accordance with what is prescribed in the standard, namely black, black with fawn markings (black and tan) and all dilutions of black with or without white spotting.
  • Size and weight outside the standard limits.
  • Respiratory distress.

N.B.:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

German Spitz (Mittel)

Posted in Utility Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION: Watch and companion dog.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
German Spitz are descendants of the stone age “Peat Dogs” (Torfhund). “Canis familiaris palustris Rüthimeyer” and the later Lake Dweller’s (Pfahlbau) Spitz; they are the oldest breed of dog in Central Europe. Numerous other breeds have been produced from them. In non German speaking countries, Wolfsspitz are known as Keeshonds and Toy Spitz as Pomeranians.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Spitz breeds are captivating on account of their beautiful coats, made to stand off by plentiful undercoat. Particularly impressive is the strong, mane-like collar round the neck (ruff) and the bushy tail carried boldly over the back. The foxy head with alert eyes, the small pointed, closely set ears give the Spitz his unique characteristic, cheeky appearance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
The ratio of height at withers to body length is 1: 1.

BEHAVIOUR & CHARACTER:
The German Spitz is always attentive, lively and exceptionally devoted to his owner. He is very teachable and easy to train. His distrust to strangers and lack of hunting instinct make him the ideal watchdog for home and farm. He is neither timid nor aggressive. Indifference to weather, robustness and longevity are his most outstanding attributes.

HEAD:
CRANIAL REGION: The Spitz’s medium size head, seen from above, appears broadest at the back and tapers in wedge shape to the tip of the nose. 
Stop: Moderate to marked. Never abrupt.
FACIAL REGION
Nose  The nose is round, small and pure black; dark brown in brown Spitz.
Muzzle:   The muzzle is not overlong and stands in pleasing proportion to the skull. (In Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium-size Spitz the ratio length of muzzle to length of the skull is approximately 2:3, in Miniature Spitz and Toy Spitz approximately 2:4). 
Lips:  The lips are not exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do not form any folds to the corner of the mouth.  They are completely black in all colours; brown in brown Spitz.
Jaws/Teeth:  The jaws are normally developed and show a complete scissor bite with 42 teeth, corresponding to the teeth formula of the dog i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. In Miniature and Toy (Pomeranian) Spitz the lack of a few pre-molars is tolerated. Pincer bite is permissible in all varieties of the German Spitz.
Cheeks:  The cheeks are gently rounded, not protruding.
Eyes:  The eyes are of medium size, longish shape, slightly slanting and dark. The eyelids are black in all shades of colour; dark brown in brown Spitz.
Ears:  The small ears are set high and relatively close to each other, triangular and pointed; they are always carried upright, stiff at the tips.

NECK:
The medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders, slightly arched without throatiness and covered by a thick, profuse coat forming a large ruff.

BODY:
Topline: The topline starts at the tips of the erectly carried prick-ears and merges in a gentle curve with the short, straight back. The bushy, sweeping tail, which partially covers the back, rounds off the silhouette.
Withers/Back:  The high withers drop imperceptibly into the shortest possible, straight, firm back. 
Loin Short-coupled, broad and strong.
Croup:  The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
Chest:  The deep chest is well sprung, the forechest well developed.
Underline and belly:The brisket reaches as far back as possible; the belly has only a slight tuck up.

TAIL:

The tail is set on high and of medium length. It reaches upwards and rolls forward over the back, straight from the root. It lies firmly over the back and is covered with very bushy hair. A double curl at tip of tail is tolerated.

LIMBS:
FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance Straight, rather broad front.
Shoulders:  The shoulder-blade is long and well laid back. The shoulder is well muscled and firmly connected to the brisket.

UpperarmThe upper arm, which is approximately the same length, forms an angle of 90 degrees to the shoulder blade.
Elbows The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the brisket and turns neither in nor out.
Forearm:  The forearm is of medium length in relation to the body, sturdy and completely straight. The back of the forearm is well feathered.
Metacarpus (Pastern):  The strong, medium length front pastern stands at an angle of 20 degrees from the vertical.
Front Feet:  The front feet are as small as possible, round and closed, so called cat feet with well arched toes.

Toe nails and pads are black in all shades of colour, but dark brown in brown dogs.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance:  The hindquarters are very muscular and abundantly feathered to the hocks. The hind legs stand straight and parallel.
Upper and Lower Thigh:  Upper and lower thigh are of about equal length.
Stifle (knee):  The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulation and is turned neither in nor out in movement.
Hock / hock joint:  The hock is of medium length, very strong and vertical to the ground.
Hind Feet:  The hind feet are as small as possible, tightly closed with well arched toes, so called cat feet. The pads are coarse. The colour of nails and pads is as dark as possible.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
The German Spitz moves straight ahead with good drive, fluid and springy.

SKIN:
The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.

COAT:
Hair: The German Spitz has a double coat; long, straight, stand off top coat and short, thick, cotton-wool-like undercoat. Head, ears, front side of front and hind legs and the feet are covered by short, thick (velvety) hair. The rest of the body has a long rich coat. Not wavy, curly or corded, not parted on the back. Neck and shoulders are covered by a thick mane. The backside of the front legs is well feathered, the hind legs have ample feathering from croup to hocks. The tail is bushy.

COLOURS:
Black Spitz:  In the black Spitz, the undercoat and skin must also be black and the colour on top must be a shining black without any white or other markings.
Brown Spitz:  The brown Spitz should be uniformly dark brown.
White Spitz:  The coat should be pure white without any trace of yellow in particular, which often occurs, especially on the ears.
Orange Spitz:  The orange Spitz should be evenly coloured in the medium colour range.
Grey Shaded Spitz / Keeshond:  Grey shaded is a silver grey with black hair tips. Muzzle and ears dark in colour, round the eyes well defined ‘spectacles’ shown as a delicately pencilled black line, slanting from outer corner of eye to lower corner of ear, coupled with distinct markings and shading forming expressive short eyebrow; mane and ring on shoulder lighter; fore and hindlegs without any black marking under the elbows or stifles, except slight pencilling on the toes; black tip of tail; underside of tail and trousers pale silver-grey.
Other Coloured Spitz:  The terms “other colours” covers all shades of colour, such as: cream, cream sable, orange sable, black and tan and particolour (with white always as main colour). The black, brown, grey or orange patches must be distributed over the whole body.

SIZE:
Height at withers: Miniature Spitz   26 cm +/- 3cm

WEIGHT:
The German Spitz (Mittel) should have a weight corresponding to its size.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SEVERE FAULTS:

  • Faults in construction.
  • Head too flat. Distinct apple head.
  • Flesh coloured nose, eyelids and lips.
  • In Medium size Spitz missing teeth.
  • Faults in movement.
  • In grey-shaded Spitz distinct markings of the face.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Gap in fontanel.
  • Over or undershot bite.
  • Ectropion or entropion.
  • Semi pricked ears.
  • Definite white patches in all - not White Spitz. 
  • Any colour that has the merle factor.

NB: 

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 

Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

                                                      

                                                                

Japanese Spitz

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The origin of the Japanese Spitz is said to be the large-sized white German Spitz brought to Japan around 1920 via the continent of Siberia and northeast part of China. Around the year 1921 the breed was first exhibited at a dog show in Tokyo. Subsequently, in 1925, two pairs of white Spitz were imported from Canada, and until around 1936 imports came from Canada, the U.S., Australia and China. Eventually their offspring were cross bred to produce a better breed. After the Second World War the unified breed standard was established by the Japan Kennel Club in 1948 to be valid to the present.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Covered with profuse pure white coat, with pointed muzzle, triangular pricked ears, and feathering tail over back. The constitution tough and the whole well balanced, and its harmonious beauty causing spirit and dignity peculiar to this breed and expressing elegance.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10:11.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:
Intelligent, cheerful, keen in sense. Noisy not permitted.

HEAD:
Size in harmony with body and moderately broad and rounded.
CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Forehead moderately developed. Rear part of skull broadest.
Stop: Defined.
FACIAL REGION:.
Nose: Small, round and black.
Muzzle: Pointed, the tip slightly round and well balanced. Lips tight and preferably black. 
Jaws/Teeth: White and strong with scissors bite.
Eyes: Moderately large, almond-shaped, set slightly oblique, dark in colour. Black eye rims.
Ears: Set on high, small, triangular, pricked, facing forward and not too far apart.

NECK:

Moderately long, muscles well developed.

BODY:
Withers: High.
Back: Straight and short.
Loins: Broad.
Chest: Wide and deep, ribs well sprung.
Belly: Well drawn up.

Tail:

Set on high, moderately long, carried over back.

LIMBS:
FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance: Shoulders well sloping, forearms straight, elbows tight.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance: Muscular, stifle and hock moderately bent.

FEET:

Cat feet. Pads thick and desirably black as well as the nails.

GAIT:

Quick and active.

COAT
Hair: Outer coat straight and stand-off. Undercoat short, soft and dense. The foreface, ears, front of forearms and parts below hocks are short haired, and the rest covered with abundant long hair, especially from neck to shoulders and forechest covered with beautiful frill, and the tail also has long, profuse feathering.

Colour: Pure white.

SIZE
Height at withers: Dogs : 30 - 38 cm
Bitches : slightly smaller than Dogs.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Overshot or undershot mouth

Strongly curled tail

Shyness; noisiness.


DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
    Drop ears
  • Tail not carried on back.


NB 

Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Keeshond

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Short, compact body, confident carriage. Fox like head with small pointed ears, alert expression, large ruff, well feathered tail curled over back. Clear differentiation in size between the sexes, with males obviously masculine but never coarse: bitches feminine but without weakness of structure.

CHARACTERISTICS
Sturdy, intelligent and adaptable, ideal companion, good watchdog.

TEMPERAMENT
Confident, alert and friendly. Always ready to raise the alarm.

HEAD & SKULL
Well proportioned, wedge shaped when seen from above; from side showing definite stop. Dark muzzle equal to length of flat skull. Neither coarse nor snipey. Nose black.

EYES
Dark, medium size, almond shaped, obliquely set. Well defined ‘spectacles’ shown as a delicately pencilled black line slanting from outer corner of eye to lower corner of ear, coupled with distinct marking and shading forming expressive short eyebrows.

EARS
Dark, small ivy-leafed in shape. Erect, velvety texture. Well set on head, neither too wide nor meeting.

MOUTH
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips black.

NECK
Moderately long and arched, covered with thick, profuse coat forming large ruff.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulders well sloped. Straight front of medium width with good bone.

BODY
Short, compact; length from withers to tail equal to height at withers, well sprung in rib. Good depth of brisket.

HINDQUARTERS
Strong muscled, hindlegs straight when viewed from behind. Hock showing slight angulation when viewed from side, profuse light coloured trousers down to hocks.

FEET
Well padded, round, cat-like, tight, cream in colour; black nails.

TAIL
Moderately long, high set, tightly curled over back, double curl highly desirable. 

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Clean, brisk, straight and sharp.

COAT
Harsh, off standing, straight. Dense ruff, well feathered on forelegs and profuse trousers, not feathered below hock. Soft, thick, light coloured (not tawny) undercoat. Never silky, wavy or woolly, nor forming a parting on back. Any shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline should be penalised, with the exception of feet and pasterns which may be lightly trimmed.

COLOUR
A mixture of grey and black. Undercoat very pale grey or cream (not tawny). All shades of grey acceptable, body hairs black tipped. Shoulder markings well defined and all markings definite. Forelegs and hocks cream with no black below wrist or hock. Pencilling acceptable.

SIZE: 

Ideal height: Dogs: 46cm (18 in) bitches: 43cm (17 in)

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Lhasa Apso

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Well balanced, sturdy, heavily coated, without excess.

CHARACTERISTICS
Gay and assertive.

TEMPERAMENT
Alert, steady but somewhat aloof with strangers

HEAD & SKULL
Head furnishings with fall over eyes, but not effecting the dog’s ability to see, good whiskers and beard. Skull moderately narrow, falling away behind eyes, not quite flat, but not domed or apple headed. Straight foreface with medium stop. Nose black. Muzzle about 4 cm (1.5 in), but not square; length from tip of nose roughly one third total length from nose to back of skull.

EYES
Dark. Medium size, frontally placed, oval, neither large nor full, nor small and sunk. No white showing at base or top.

EARS
Pendant, heavily feathered.

MOUTH
Upper incisors close just inside lower i.e. reverse scissor bite. Incisors in a broad and as straight a line as possible. Full dentition desirable.

NECK
Strong and well arched.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders well laid back. Forelegs straight, heavily furnished with hair.

BODY
Length from point of shoulders to point of buttocks greater than height at withers. Ribs extending well back. Level topline. Strong loin. Balanced and compact.

HINDQUARTERS
Well developed with good muscle. Good angulation. Heavily furnished with hair. Hocks when viewed from behind parallel and not too close together.

FEET
Round, cat like with firm pads. Well feathered.

TAIL
High-set, carried well over back but not like a pot-hook. Often a kink at end. Well feathered.

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Free and jaunty.

COAT
Top coat long, heavy, straight, hard neither woolly not silky. Moderate undercoat. Coat never impeding action.

COLOUR
Golden, sandy, honey, dark grizzle, slate, smoke, parti-colour, black, white or brown. All equally acceptable.

SIZE
Ideal height: Dogs: 25 cm (10 in) at shoulders; bitches slightly smaller.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles full descended into the scrotum.                                      

 

Miniature Schnauzer

Posted in Utility Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE 
Sturdily built, robust, sinewy, nearly square, (length of body equal to height at shoulders). Expression keen and attitude alert. Correct conformation is of more importance than colour or other purely “Beauty” points.

CHARACTERISTICS
Well balanced, smart, stylish and adaptable.

TEMPERAMENT
Alert, reliable and intelligent. Primarily a companion dog.

HEAD & SKULL
Head strong and of good length, narrowing from ears to eyes and then gradually forward toward end of nose. Upper part of the head (occiput to base of forehead), moderately broad between ears. Flat creaseless forehead well-muscled, but not too strongly developed cheeks. Medium stop to accentuate prominent eyebrows. Powerful muzzle ending in a moderately blunt line with bristly, stubby moustache and chin whiskers. Ridge of nose straight and running almost parallel to extension of forehead. Nose black with wide nostrils. Lips tight but not overlapping.

EYES
Medium-sized, dark, oval, set forward, with arched bushy eyebrows.

EARS
Neat, V-shaped, set high and dropping forward to temple. 

MOUTH
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK
Moderately long, strong and slightly arched; skin close to throat; neck set cleanly on shoulders.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders flat and well laid. Forelegs straight viewed from any angle. Muscles smooth and lithe rather than prominent bone strong, straight and carried well down to feet elbows close to body and pointing directly backwards.

BODY
Chest moderately broad, deep with visible strong breastbone reaching at least to height of elbow rising slightly backward to loins. Back strong and straight, slightly higher at shoulder than at hindquarters, with short, well developed loins. Ribs well spring. Length to body equal to height from top of withers to ground. 

HINDQUARTERS
Thighs slanting and flat but strongly muscled. Hindlegs (upper and lower thighs) at first vertical to the stifle; from stifle to hock, in line with the extension of the upper neck line; from hock, vertical to ground.

FEET
Short, round, cat-like, compact with closely arched toes, dark nails, firm black pads, feet pointing forward.

TAIL

Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Set on and carried high, customarily docked to three joints.

Undocked: Set on and carried high, of moderate length to give general balance to the dog. Thick at root and tapering towards the tip, as straight as possible carried jauntily.

[*refer note below]

GAIT/MOVEMENT

Free, balanced and vigorous, with good reach in forequarters and good driving power in hindquarters. Topline remains level in action.

COAT:
Harsh, wiry and short enough for smartness, dense undercoat. Clean on neck and shoulders, ears and skull. Harsh hair on legs. Furnishing fairly thick but not silky.

COLOUR
Pepper and salt – shades range from dark iron grey to light grey. Hairs banded dark/light/dark. Dark facial mask to harmonise with corresponding coat colour.

Pure Black

Black and silver – solid black with silver markings on eyebrows, muzzle, chest brisket, forelegs below point of elbow inside of hindlegs below stifle joint, vent and under tail.

White

Good pigmentation essential in all colours.

SIZE
Ideal height: Dogs: 36cm (14in) Bitches: 33cm (13in) Too small, toyish appearing dogs are not typical and undesirable.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE 
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either.  (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/Feb 2018)

Peruvian Hairless Dog

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Companion Dog

PREAMBLE:

These dogs have been kept as a peculiarity because of their genetic nature, the procreation of dogs with and without hair in the same litter. Lost in the darkness of time the naked variety reached a major milestone when it was officially recognised as a breed native to Peru in 1985, during the ordinary Assembly of the FCI at Amsterdam city, thanks to the initiative of the Cynologist Ermanno Maniero, who did the first breed standard, it was possible that this was registered as a new breed under the name of Peruvian Hairless Dog with the number 310 of the nomenclature. The recognition of the hairless dog did not eradicate the coasted relative into oblivion. Disdained from any breeding program, its current recognition in the light of developments in the study of its genome emphasizes the genetic value of the breed and contributes to its development and preservation. The recognition of the coated variety, improving the breed’s strength and attracts new breeders. Initially to be registered, the coated variety must be the product of two hairless dogs duly registered in a stud book or breeding record. The coated variety can only be mated to a hairless specimen of the breed and subsequently also for generations to come. The mating between coated specimens is banned, just like the registrations of these in any studbooks without duly registered parents.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:

The Peruvian hairless dog, because of its particular nature, was the subject of obvious curiosity by the Peruvians from different times. Because of the allocation of different properties, they are seen on ceramics of different cultures pre-Incas like Vicus, Mochica, Chancay, Chancay with Tiahuanaco influence, Chimu and others where in many cases the hairless dog has replaced the puma, the snake or the hawk, standing with the greatest interest in the Chancay culture. As seen in these illustrations, the hairless dog makes its appearance in the archaeological periods of Pre-Inca times, from 300 BC until 1460 AD. 

GENERAL APPEARANCE: 

Going by his general conformation, it is an elegant and slim dog, whose aspect expresses speed, strength and harmony without ever appearing coarse. There are two varieties, the hairless whose main feature is the absence of hair all over the body and the coated variety, that is entirely coated.  
Another particular feature is that the dentition in the hairless variety is nearly always incomplete associated with the congenital alopecia.  

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:  

The ratio between the height at the withers and the length of the body is 1:1; the females can be slightly longer than the males.  

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:

Noble and affectionate at home with those close to him, at the same time lively and alert; he might be wary of strangers and is a good watch dog.  

HEAD:

Of lupoid conformation.  

CRANIAL REGION:  
Skull: Mesocephalic. Orthoid, i.e. the upper axes of the skull and muzzle are parallel; a slight divergence is accepted. Seen from above, the skull is broad and the head tapers toward the nose. The superciliary arches are moderately developed. The occipital protuberance is barely marked. 
Stop: Slightly marked (approximately 140°). 

FACIAL REGION: 
Nose: Good pigmentation, the colour of the nose must be in harmony with the different colours of the skin; in the different shades in the hairless variety and with the colour of the hair in the coated variety. 
Muzzle: Seen in profile, the nasal bridge is straight. 
Lips: They must be as tight as possible and close to the gums.

Jaws/Teeth: The incisors should fit in scissor bite.  In the hairless variety the absence of one or more teeth is accepted. In the coated variety the dentition must be complete with teeth normally developed and in a normal position. The jaw is not strongly developed. 

Cheeks: Developed without exaggeration. 
Eyes: Alert and intelligent expression. The eyes must be of average dimensions, slightly almond shaped, neither deep-set nor prominent, normally and regularly placed, i.e. neither too close together nor too wide apart. The colour can vary from black, going through all shades of brown to yellow, in harmony with the skin colour in the naked variety and with the coat in the variety with hair.  In any case, both eyes must be of the same colour. The colour of the eyelids may go from black to pink in subjects with light coloured face.  The light pink colours are admitted but not sought after. 
Ears: The ears must be pricked when the dog is attentive, whereas at rest, they are laid towards the back. The ears are of medium length; broad at the base, tapering progressively towards the tip, ending almost pointed. The ear set starts on the upper part of the skull to end laterally and obliquely. In erect position, the axes of the ears form a variable angle from 50° to near 90°. 

NECK:  
Upper profile:  Curved (convex). 
Length:  Approximately the same length as the head.  
Shape: Near to a truncated cone shape, supple, with good musculature.  
Skin: Fine, smooth, elastic and really close to the subcutaneous tissues. No dewlap.  

BODY:

Mesomorphic. 
Topline: Level, although certain subjects show a dorsal-lumbar convexity, which disappears at croup, level. 
Withers: Barely accentuated. 
Back: Straight, with well-developed back muscles often forming all along the back a muscular bi-convexity, which extends to the lumbar region. 
Loin: Strong and well-muscled. Its length reaches approximately 1/5 of the height at the withers. 
Croup: The superior profile is slightly convex, slanting approximately 40° to the horizontal.  Solid and well-muscled giving a good push. 
Chest: Seen from the front, the chest perimeter must have good amplitude, but without excess; reaching almost to the elbow. The ribs must be slightly sprung, never flat. The chest, measured behind the elbows, must exceed the height at the withers with approximately 18%.                                                                                                                       Underline and belly: The lower profile presents an elegant and well marked line which goes from the lower part of the chest and rising to the belly which must be well tucked up, but without excess.  

TAIL: 

The tail is set on low, thick at the root it tapers towards the tip. When excited, the dog can carry the tail raised in a loose curve above the backline, but never as curved as being rolled up. At rest, it hangs with a slight upward curve at the tip. The tail is sometimes carried tucked in towards the abdomen. In length it almost reaches the hock. Tail to be complete.

LIMBS 
FOREQUARTERS:

General appearance: Well united with the body, seen from the front they are perfectly upright with the elbows not turned out. The angle at the shoulder/upper arm varies between 100° and 120°. Seen in profile, the angle is 15° to 20°. 
Forefeet:  Are semi-long and look like hare-feet. The pads are strong and heat-resistant. The inter-digital membranes are well developed. The black dogs have preferably black nails and the lighter coloured dogs light nails. 

HINDQUARTERS:

The muscles are rounded and elastic. The curve of the buttocks is well marked. The coxal-femoral angle varies between 120° and 130°. The femoral-tibial angle must be of 140°.  Seen from behind the hindquarters must be upright. 
Hind feet: Same as forefeet.  

GAIT / MOVEMENT:

Due to the angulations defined at the description of the limbs, some of these dogs move with shorter steps but faster and at the same time quite soft and flexible. The limbs, seen from front or behind must move in a single line (i.e. single tracking).  

SKIN: 

The skin must be smooth and elastic all over the body, but can form a few rounded almost concentric lines on the head and round the eyes and the cheeks in the hairless variety. It has been verified that the internal and external temperature of the hairless dogs is exactly the same as that of other breeds (coated or not). The absence of hair leads to an immediate and direct emanation of heat, different from the coated subjects, where the heat filters through the coat by natural ventilation. 

COLOUR: 
The colour of the skin in the hairless variety can vary from black, slate black, elephant black, bluish black, the whole scale of greys (diluted black), all nuances of genetic blue, dark brown going to light blond. All colours can be either uniform or show pinkish or white patches on all parts of the body. White or pink spots must not cover more than 1/3 of the body. Solid colours are preferred.

COAT: 
Hairless variety: Without hair, only very few hairs on the head and at the extremities of the legs and the tail are admitted, and sometimes sparse hair on the back. These hairs can be any colour or combination of colours.  
Coated variety: Smooth, short and tight coat. The hair can be any colour or combination of colours.

SIZE AND WEIGHT: 
There are three sizes in the males and females. 
Small: 25–40cm.  
Medium: 41–50cm. 
Large: 51–65cm.  

The weight is in relation to the size. 
Small: 4–8kg.   
Medium: 8–12kg.  
Large: 12–30kg.   

FAULTS:  
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.  
Semi-erect ears, one or both. 
Pincer bite. 
Absence of PM1 in the coated variety. 
White or pink spots covering more than 1/3 of the body in the hairless variety. 
Presence of dewclaws. 

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:  

Aggressive or overly shy dogs.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.  

Over or undershot bite.

Deviated jaw (i.e. wry mouth).

More than one teeth missing in the coated variety.

Hanging or cropped ears.

Tongue normally hanging outside of the mouth (paralyzed). 

Eyes of different colour (heterochromatic) 

Tail-less, short tail or docked tail.

Presence of hair in the hairless variety on parts of the body not indicated in the standard.

Total or partial de-pigmented nose.  

Height more than 65 cms and less than 25 cms.

N.B: 
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

                                                                                     

Poodle (Miniature)

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Well balanced, elegant looking with very proud carriage.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Distinguished by a special type of clip for show activity and by a type of coat which does not moult.

TEMPERAMENT:
Gay spirited and good tempered.

HEAD & SKULL:
Long and fine with slight peak. Skull not broad, moderate stop. Foreface strong, well chiselled, not falling away under eyes; cheek bone and muscle flat. Lips tight-fitting. Chin well defined but not protruding. Head in proportion to size of dog.

EYES:
Almond shaped, dark, not set too close together, full of fire and intelligence. Eye colour see Colour Clause.

EARS:
Leathers long and wide, set low, hanging close to face.

MOUTH:
Jaws strong with perfect, regular complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. A full set of 42 teeth is desirable.

NECK:
Well proportioned, of good length and strong to admit of the head being carried high and with dignity. Skin fitting tightly at the throat.

FOREQUARTERS:
Well laid back shoulders, strong and muscular. Legs set straight from shoulders, well-muscled.

BODY:
Chest deep and moderately wide. Ribs well sprung and rounded. Back short, strong, slightly hollowed; loins broad and muscular.

HINDQUARTERS:
Thighs well developed and muscular; well bent stifles, hocks well let down; hindlegs turning neither in nor out.

FEET:
Tight, proportionately small, oval in shape, turning neither in nor out, toes arched, pads thick and hard, well cushioned. Pasterns strong.

TAIL:
Previously customarily docked. Docked: set on rather high, carried at slight angle away from body, never curled or carried over back, thick at root.  Undocked: Thick at root, set on rather high, carried away from the body and a straight as possible.

[*refer note below]

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Sound, free and light movement essential with plenty of drive.

COAT:
Very profuse and dense; of good harsh texture. All short hair close, thick and curly. All traditional trims permissible in the show ring and the dogs judged on equal merit, as long as there is sufficient length to demonstrate colour and quality of coat. 

COLOUR:
All solid colours. White and creams to have black nose, lips and eye rims, black toenails desirable. Browns to have dark amber eyes, dark liver nose, lips, eye rims and toenails. Apricots and reds to have dark eyes with black points or deep amber eyes with liver points. Blacks, silvers and blues to have black nose, lips, eye rims and toenails. Creams, apricots, browns, silvers and blues may show varying shades of the same colour up to 18 months. Clear colours preferred. Non solid colours are highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.

SIZE:
Poodles (Miniature) height at shoulder should be under 38 cm (15 ins), but not under 28 cm (11 ins).
FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either. (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/Feb 2018)         

 

 

Poodle (Standard)

Posted in Utility Group


A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Well balanced, elegant looking with very proud carriage.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Distinguished by a special type of clip for show activity and by a type of coat which does not moult.

TEMPERAMENT:
Gay spirited and good tempered.

HEAD & SKULL:
Long and fine with slight peak. Skull not broad, moderate stop. Foreface strong, well chiselled, not falling away under eyes; cheek bone and muscle flat. Lips tight-fitting. Chin well defined but not protruding. Head in proportion to size of dog.

EYES:
Almond shaped, dark, not set too close together, full of fire and intelligence. Eye colour see Colour Clause

EARS:
Leathers long and wide, set low, hanging close to face.

MOUTH:
Jaws strong with perfect, regular complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. A full set of 42 teeth is desirable.

NECK:
Well proportioned, of good length and strong to admit of the head being carried high and with dignity. Skin fitting tightly at the throat.

FOREQUARTERS:
Well laid back shoulders, strong and muscular. Legs set straight from shoulders, well-muscled.

BODY:
Chest deep and moderately wide. Ribs well sprung and rounded. Back short, strong, slightly hollowed; loins broad and muscular.

HINDQUARTERS:
Thighs well developed and muscular; well bent stifles, hocks well let down; hindlegs turning neither in nor out.

FEET:
Tight, proportionately small, oval in shape, turning neither in nor out, toes arched, pads thick and hard, well cushioned. Pasterns strong.

TAIL:
Previously customarily docked. Docked: set on rather high, carried at slight angle away from body, never curled or carried over back, thick at root.  Undocked: Thick at root, set on rather high, carried away from the body and a straight as possible.

[*refer note below]

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Sound, free and light movement essential with plenty of drive.

COAT:
Very profuse and dense; of good harsh texture. All short hair close, thick and curly. All traditional trims permissible in the show ring and the dogs judged on equal merit, as long as there is sufficient length to demonstrate colour and quality of coat. 

COLOUR:
All solid colours. White and creams to have black nose, lips and eye rims, black toenails desirable. Browns to have dark amber eyes, dark liver nose, lips, eye rims and toenails. Apricots and reds to have dark eyes with black points or deep amber eyes with liver points. Blacks, silvers and blues to have black nose, lips, eye rims and toenails. Creams, apricots, browns, silvers and blues may show varying shades of the same colour up to 18 months. Clear colours preferred. Non solid colours are highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.

SIZE:
Poodles (Standard) over 38 cm (15 in).

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
 

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either. (Fedco 12/2017 Amend DR/02/2018)                                                                                      

Poodle (Toy)

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Well balanced, elegant looking with very proud carriage.

CHARACTERISTICS
Distinguished by a special type of clip for show activity and by a type of coat which does not moult.

TEMPERAMENT
Gay spirited and good tempered.

HEAD & SKULL
Long and fine with slight peak. Skull not broad, moderate stop. Foreface strong, well chiselled, not falling away under eyes; cheek bone and muscle flat. Lips tight-fitting. Chin well defined but not protruding. Head in proportion to size of dog.

EYES
Almond shaped, dark, not set too close together, full of fire and intelligence. Eye colour see Colour Clause.

EARS
Leathers long and wide, set low, hanging close to face.

MOUTH
Jaws strong with perfect, regular complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. A full set of 42 teeth is desirable.

NECK
Well proportioned, of good length and strong to admit of the head being carried high and with dignity. Skin fitting tightly at the throat.

FOREQUARTERS
Well laid back shoulders, strong and muscular. Legs set straight from shoulders, well-muscled.

BODY
Chest deep and moderately wide. Ribs well sprung and rounded. Back short, strong, slightly hollowed; loins broad and muscular.

HINDQUARTERS
Thighs well developed and muscular; well bent stifles, hocks well let down; hindlegs turning neither in nor out.

FEET
Tight, proportionately small, oval in shape, turning neither in nor out, toes arched, pads thick and hard, well cushioned. Pasterns strong.

TAIL
Previously customarily docked. Docked: set on rather high, carried at slight angle away from body, never curled or carried over back, thick at root.  Undocked: Thick at root, set on rather high, carried away from the body and a straight as possible.

[*refer note below]

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Sound, free and light movement essential with plenty of drive.

COAT
Very profuse and dense; of good harsh texture. All short hair close, thick and curly. All traditional trims permissible in the show ring and the dogs judged on equal merit, as long as there is sufficient length to demonstrate colour and quality of coat. 

COLOUR
All solid colours. White and creams to have black nose, lips and eye rims, black toenails desirable. Browns to have dark amber eyes, dark liver nose, lips, eye rims and toenails. Apricots and reds to have dark eyes with black points or deep amber eyes with liver points. Blacks, silvers and blues to have black nose, lips, eye rims and toenails. Creams, apricots, browns, silvers and blues may show varying shades of the same colour up to 18 months. Clear colours preferred. Non solid colours are highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.

SIZE
Poodles (Toy) height at shoulder should be under 28cm (11in).

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either. (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/02/2018)                                                           

                                                                       

Schipperke

Posted in Utility Group

Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Small, cobby, active dog, with sharp foxy expression.

CHARACTERISTICS
Intensely lively and alert

TEMPERAMENT
Amenable, intelligent and faithful.

HEAD & SKULL
Skull not round, but fairly broad, flat, with little stop. Muzzle moderate in length, fine but not weak, well filled under eyes. Nose black and small.

EYES
Dark brown, more oval than round, not full; bright, most expressive.

EARS
Moderate length, not too broad at base, tapering to a point. Carried stiffly erect and strong enough not to be bent otherwise than lengthways.

MOUTH
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK
Strong and full, rather short, set broad on shoulders, slightly arched.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders muscular and sloping. Legs perfectly straight, well under the body, bone in proportion to the body.

BODY
Chest broad and deep in brisket. Back short, straight and strong. Loins powerful, well drawn up from brisket.

HINDQUARTERS
Lighter compared with forequarters; muscular and well developed thighs, well rounded rump. Legs strong, muscular, hocks well let down.

FEET
Small, cat-like, and standing well on the toes.

TAIL
Previously customarily docked, or may be born tailless or with partial length or full tail.
Docked: very short
Naturally tailless – no discernible tail
Undocked: Full length tail tightly curled, carried over the back. Well covered with hair.
Fully coated partial length tail permissible but not desirable.

[*refer note below]

GAIT / MOVEMENT

Short, brisk stride, moving true fore and aft.

COAT
Abundant, dense and harsh; smooth on head and legs; lying close on back and side; erect and thick round neck, forming a mane and frill; with good culottes on the back of thighs.

COLOUR
Usually black but other whole colours permissible.

SIZE
Weight about 5.5-7.5kg (12-16lb)

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either.  (Fedco 12/2017 Amend DR/02/2018)

Shar Pei

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Hunting and watch-dog.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
This Chinese breed has existed for hundreds of years in the provinces bordering the South China Sea. The town of Dialak in the province of Kwun Tung is probably the place of origin.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Active, compact, short coupled and squarely built dog of medium size. Wrinkles over skull and withers, small ears and ‘hippopotamus’ muzzle impart to the Shar Pei a unique look. Dogs larger and more powerful than bitches. 

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
The height of the Shar Pei from withers to ground is approximately equal to the length of the body, from point of shoulder to point of buttock, especially in males. The length from nose to stop is approximately equal to the length from stop to occiput.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:
Calm, independent, loyal, affectionate to his family.

HEAD:
Rather large in proportion to body. Wrinkles on forehead and cheeks continuing to form dewlap.
CRANIAL REGION:
Skull:  flat, broad.
Stop:  moderate.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose:  large and wide, preferably black, but any colour conforming to general coat colour permissible. Wide opened nostrils.
Muzzle:  a distinctive feature of the breed. Broad from root to tip of nose with no suggestion of tapering. Lips and top of muzzle well padded. Bulge at the base of the nose permissible.
Mouth:  Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews - bluish black is preferred. Pink spotted tongue permissible. Solid pink tongue highly undesirable. In dilute-coloured dogs the tongue is solid lavender. 
Jaws/Teeth:  jaws strong with perfect scissor bite i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Padding of lower lip should not be so excessive as to interfere with the bite.
Eyes:   dark, almond-shaped with a scowling expression. Lighter colour permissible in dilute-coloured dogs. Function of eyeball or lid in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. Any sign of irritation of eyeball, conjunctiva or eyelids highly undesirable. Free from entropion.
Ears :  Very small, rather thick, equilaterally triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tip and set high on the skull with tops pointing towards eyes; set well forward over eyes, wide apart and close to skull. Pricked ears highly undesirable.

NECK:
Medium length, strong, set well on shoulders. The loose skin under the neck should not be excessive.

BODY:
Folds of skin on body in mature dogs highly undesirable except on withers and base of tail, which show moderate wrinkling.
Topline: dips slightly behind withers; then it rises slightly over loin.
Back:  short, strong.
Loin:  short, broad, slightly arched.
Croup:  rather flat.
Chest:  broad and deep, brisket reaching below the elbow.
Underline:  rises slightly under the loin.

TAIL:
Thick and round at the root, tapering to a fine point. The tail is set very high, a characteristic feature of the breed. May be carried high and curved, carried in tight curl or curved over or to either side of the back. Lack of or incomplete tail highly undesirable.

LIMBS:
FOREQUARTERS
Forelegs straight, moderate length, good bone. The skin on forelegs shows no wrinkle.
Shoulders:  muscular, well laid and sloping.
Metacarpus (Pastern):  slightly sloping, strong and flexible.
HINDQUARTERS
Muscular, strong, moderately angulated, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other when viewed from the rear. Wrinkles on upper thighs, lower thighs, rear pasterns as well as the thickening of the skin on hocks undesirable.
Hocks:  well let down.

FEET:
Moderate size, compact, not splayed. Toes well knuckled. Hindfeet free from declaws.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

The preferred gait is trot. The gait is free, balanced, active with good forward reach and strong drive from the hindquarters. The feet tend to converge to a centre line when the speed increases. Stilted gait undesirable.

COAT:
Hair:  a distinctive feature of the breed - short, harsh and bristly. The coat is straight and offstanding on the body but generally flatter on the limbs. No undercoat. The coat may vary in length from 1cm to 2.5cm. Never trimmed.
Colour:  All solid colours acceptable except white. Tail and rear part of thighs frequently of a lighter colour. Darker shading down the back and on the ears permissible. 

SIZE:
Height:  44-51cm at withers (17.5-20 ins.).

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
SERIOUS FAULTS:

  • Deviation from a scissor bite (as a transitor measure, a very slightly overshot mouth is permissible)
  • Snipy muzzle
  • Spotted tongue (except pink spotted tongue)
  • Large ears
  • Low set tail
  • Coat longer than 2.5cm

ELIMINATING FAULTS

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Flat foreface with badly overshot bite; undershot bite
  • Solid pink tongue
  • Lower lip rolled in, interfering with the bite
  • Round, bulging eye. Entropion, ectropion
  • Skin, folds or hair disturbing the normal function of the eye
  • Pricked ears
  • Absence of tail; stumpy tail
  • Heavy folds of skin on body (except withers and base of tail) and limbs
  • Not a solid colour (albino, brindle, patches, spots, black and tan, saddled pattern)

NB: 

Male animals should have to apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.
REMARK
Any artificial physical alteration to the Shar Pei (in particular lips and eyelids) eliminates the dog from competition.

 

Shiba

Posted in Utility Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Hunting dog for birds and small animals. Companion dog.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The Shiba has been a native breed to Japan since the primitive ages. The word “Shiba” originally refers to something “small”, a small dog. The Shiba's habitat was in the mountainous area facing the Sea of Japan and was used as a hunting dog for small animals and birds. There were slight differences in the breeds according to the areas where they were raised.
As dogs like English Setters and English Pointers were imported from England during the period of 1868 - 1912, hunting became a sport in Japan and cross breeding of the Shiba with those English dogs became prevalent and a pure Shiba became rare so that by 1912 - 1926 pure Shiba’s confined to these areas became exceedingly scarce. Hunters and other educated persons became concerned with the preservation of the pure Shiba’s from around 1928 and the preservation of the limited number of pure strains began seriously, and the breed standard was finally unified in 1934. In 1937 the Shiba was designated as a “natural monument” after which the breed was bred and improved to become the superior breed known today.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Small sized dog, well balanced, well boned with well developed muscles. Constitution strong. Action quick, free and beautiful.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 : 11.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT:
The temperament is faithful, with keenness in sense and high alertness.

HEAD:

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Forehead broad.

Stop: Well defined with slight furrow.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose:  Black colour desirable. Nasal bridge straight.

Muzzle: Moderately thick

Lips:  Tight.

Jaws/Teeth: Teeth strong with scissor bite.

Cheeks: Well developed.
Eyes:  Triangular not too small, and dark brown in colour. The outer corners of the eyes are slightly upturned.
Ears:  Relatively small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.
Neck: Thick, strong, and well balanced with the head and the body. 

BODY:
Back: Straight and strong.

Loin: Broad and muscular.

Chest: Deep, ribs moderately sprung.

Belly: Slightly tucked up. 

TAIL:

Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled or curved as a sickle, the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down. 

LIMBS:
FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance: Seen from the front, forelegs straight.

Shoulders: Shoulder blade moderately sloping.

Upper arm: Forming a moderate angle with shoulder blade.

Elbows: Tight.  

Metacarpus (Pastern):  Slightly oblique

Feet: Digits tightly closed and well arched. Pads thick and elastic. Nails hard and dark in colour desirable.

HINDQUARTERS:
Upper thighs: Well developed.

Lower thighs: Well developed.

Hocks: Thick and tough. 

FEET:

Digits tightly closed and well arched. Pads thick and elastic. Nails hard and dark in colour desirable.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: 

Light and brisk.

COAT:
Hair: Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense; hair on tail slightly long and standing off.

Colour: Red, Black and Tan, Sesame, Black Sesame, Red Sesame.

Definition of the colour ‘Sesame’
Sesame:  l Good mixture of Black, red and white hairs in whole.
Black Sesame: More black than white hairs.
Red Sesame: Ground colour of hair red, mixture with black hairs.
All the above mentioned colours must have “Urajiro”. 
“Urajiro” = Whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle and on the cheeks, on the underside of the jaw and neck, on the chest and stomach and the underside of the tail, and on the inside of the legs. 

SIZE AND WEIGHT: 
Height at withers:           Dogs 39.5cm 
                                Bitches 36.5cm
There is a tolerance of 1.5cm smaller or taller. 

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Lack of sexual dimorphism

Slightly overshot or undershot mouth

Numerous teeth missing

Shyness

Pinto colour 

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

Aggressive or overly shy dogs

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

Extremely overshot or undershot mouth

Ears not pricked

Hanging tail or short tail 

NB: 

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.