A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Originally the Giant Schnauzer was used in the region of Southern Germany to drive cattle. Around the turn of the century, determined breeders realised that they had outstanding working capabilities and particularly valuable traits in character. Since 1913 the breed has been registered in a stud book and, in 1925, already the Giant Schnauzer was officially been recognised as a working dog.
Large, powerful, stocky rather than slim. An enlarged, powerful image of the Schnauzer. An imperturbable dog, prepared for defence, whose appearance fills with respect.
- Square built in which height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length
- The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
Typical characteristics of this dog are his good natured, even temperament and his incorruptible loyalty towards his master. He has highly developed sense organs, intelligence, trainability, strength, endurance, speed, resistance to weather and diseases. His inborn ability to bear strain and his self assurance make him best suited for being a companion, sporting, utility and working dog.
Skull – strong, long without markedly protruding occiput. The head should be in keeping with the dog’s force. The forehead is flat, without wrinkling and parallel to the bridge of nose.
Stop – appears well defined due to the brows.
Nose – well developed nose leather with large nostrils, always black.
Muzzle – ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips – black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips closed.
Jaws/Teeth – strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth, according to the dentition formula), is strongly developed and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed but the cheeks must not interfere with the rectangular shape of the head (with the beard).
Eyes – medium sized, oval, facing forward, dark with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
Ears – drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to the cheeks, evenly carried, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
The strong, muscular neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the withers. Strongly set on, slim, noble curved, corresponding to the dog’s force. Throat skin tight fitting without folds.
Topline – slightly sloping from withers towards rear.
Withers – forming the highest point in topline.
Back – strong, short and taut.
Loins – short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to the hip is short to make the dog appear compact.
Croup – slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.
Chest – moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.
Underline/Belly – flanks not too tucked up, forming a well curved line with the underside of the ribcage.
The tail is high set and carried erect. It is docked approximately three (3) joints. In countries where docking is legally not permitted the tail may remain natural.
Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
Shoulders – the shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of shoulder bone, protruding over the points of thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.
Upper Arm – lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 105° to the shoulder blade.
Elbows – close fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm – viewed from all sides completely straight, strongly developed and well muscled.
Carpal Joint – strong, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the forearm.
Pastern – seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground, strong and slightly springy.
Forefeet – short and round, toes well knit and arched (cat foot) with short dark nails and resistant pads.
Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together when seen from the rear.
Upper Thigh – moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.
Stifle – turning neither in nor out.
Lower Thigh – long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock.
Hocks – very well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.
Metatarsus – short, vertical to ground.
Hind Feet – toes short, arched and well knit. Nails short and black.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering. The front legs swinging as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground covering and springy, provide the necessary drive. The front leg of one side and the hind leg on the other side move forward at the same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.
Tight fitting over the whole body.
Hair – the coat should be wiry, harsh and dense. It consists of a dense undercoat and a not too short top coat, lying close to the body. The top coat is rough and sufficiently long to allow the checking of its texture; it is neither bristly nor wavy. Hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and ears. Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes.
- Pure Black with Black undercoat
- Pepper and Salt
When breeding Pepper and Salt, the aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed, well pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat. The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted. In all colour variations there must be a dark mask which should adapt harmoniously to the respective colour, emphasizing the expression. Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at Withers - Dogs and bitches 60 to 70cm.
Weight - Dogs and bitches 35 to 45kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree, particularly:
- Head altogether too small or too short
- Heavy or round skull
- Wrinkles on forehead
- Short, pointed or narrow muzzle
- Pincer bite
- Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones
- Light, too large or too small eyes
- Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears
- Dewlap, narrow crest of neck
- Too long, tucked up or soft back
- Roach back
- Croup falling away
- Tail set inclined towards head
- Long feet
- Pacing movement
- Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky, white or spotted coat or other mixed colours
- Brown undercoat
- In Pepper and Salt – a black trace on the back or black saddle.
- Over or undersize up to 2cm.
- Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on leg
- Inverse sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch)
- Elbows turning out
- Straight or open hocked hindlegs
- Hocks turned inwards
- Over or undersize by more than 2cm but less than 4cm.
- Malformation of any kind
- Lack of breed type
- Faulty mouth, such as over or undershot or wry mouth
- Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour
- Over or undersize by more than 4cm.
- Shy, aggressive, vicious, exaggeratedly suspicious or nervous behaviour
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADVANCED REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE (ARC)
Before submitting any application the following requirements must have been fulfilled.
1. Must be on the Kennel Union Breed Register
2. Be positively identified by microchip or DNA
3. Be over twenty-four (24) months of age
4. Be a Kennel Union Breed (Conformation) Champion
5. The registered name of the dog must contain an Affix (Kennel name)
6. The dog has been x-rayed for Hip Dysplasia aged twelve (12) months or older and been issued with acceptable documentation and been graded 1-1 or better.
- An acceptable profile in the Dog Mentality Test
- Or passed the Aptitude Test
- Or obtained a qualification in either Breed Working Test
- Or IPO1 or higher.
Amendment to ARC, FEDCO 12.2016 effective 01.04.2017
Copyright FCI - Reprinted with permission 11.8.2000
The publisher of this edition is the Kennel Union of Southern Africa. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without permission writing from the publisher
FCI Standard No 181 (Grp2)