A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.
OFFICIAL BREED STANDARD
GRAND BASSET GRIFFON VENDEEN (Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen) – Hound Group
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen is derived, like all bassets, from hounds of superior size, in this case the Grand Griffon. The first selections were made at the end of the 19th century by the Comte d’Elva who was looking for subjects with «straight legs». But it was Paul Dezamy who was especially responsible for fixing the type. He understood that in order to catch a hare, dogs of a certain size were needed. He fixed that size at about 43 cm. Today used primarily when hunting with a gun, it is capable of hunting all furry game, from the rabbit to wild boar. A team of Grand Bassets won the 5th edition of the European Cup for hare.
Slightly elongated overall, it has straight forelegs, the structure of a basset, and must not resemble a small Briquet. It is balanced and elegant.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Behaviour: Fast, well voiced, a passionate hunter; courageous, loves bramble and scrub.
Temperament: A little stubborn but nevertheless well behaved. It is up to the master to take command.
Skull: Without heaviness, convex, elongated and not too wide, well chiselled below the eyes. Occipital bone well developed.
Stop: Frontal indentation well defined.
Nose: Prominent. Nostrils well open. Black and developed, except for white and orange coats where a brown nose is tolerated.
Muzzle: Square at its extremity, noticeably longer than the skull, very slightly convex.
Lips: Quite pendulous, covering well the lower jaw and giving the front of the muzzle a square profile. They are well covered with moustaches.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws strongly developed, scissor bite.
Eyes: Of oval shape, large, dark, not showing white; friendly and intelligent expression. The conjunctiva must not be apparent.
Leathers: Supple, narrow and fine, covered with long hair and ending in an elongated oval, well turned inwards. Low set, below the eye. They must be able to reach beyond the end of the nose.
Long, robust and well muscled. Strong at set-on. Without dewlap.
Really that of a basset but avoiding an exaggerated length.
Back: Long, broad and really straight, never saddle-backed, and starting to arch its junction with the loin; withers very slightly protruding.
Loin: Solid, well muscled, slightly arched.
Chest: Quite broad and well let down to elbow level.
Ribs: Rounded, never flat nor cylindrical. Thorax slightly less broad at elbow level to facilitate the movement.
Flank: Rather full, belly never tucked up.
Thick at the base, tapering progressively, set quite high, carried saber fashion or slightly curved but never on the back or bent at the tip. Rather long.
Overall view: Bone structure developed but lean. It should be understood that bone quality is not a question of volume but of density.
General appearance: They must be straight with a thick forearm and a very slightly defined but very solid carpal joint (wrist).
Shoulder: Long, clean and oblique.
Elbow: Should be neither too close to body nor loose.
Forearm: Thick, wrists (carpus) should never touch.
General appearance: Solid and well directed in the axis of the body.
Hip (Iliac crest): Apparent.
Thigh: Strongly muscled but not too rounded, bone structure and articulations very solid.
Hock: Wide and angulated, must never be straight. Seen from the rear, it should not appear turned outwards or inwards.
Strong and tight with hard pads and solid nails; good pigmentation of pads and nails is desirable.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
The dog in action must give an impression of resistance and ease; the movement must be free and harmonious.
Quite thick, often marbled in the tricoloured subjects. No dewlap.
Hard, not too long and flat, never silky or woolly. The fringes should not be too abundant; the belly and inside of the thighs must not be bare; eyebrows well pronounced but not covering the eye.
Black with white spotting (white and black). Black with tan markings (black and tan). Black with light tan markings. Fawn with white spotting (white and orange). Fawn with black mantle and white spotting (tricolour). Fawn with black overlay. Pale fawn with black overlay and white spotting. Pale fawn with black overlay.
Traditional names: hare colour, wolf colour, badger colour or wild boar colour.
Height at withers: Males from 40 to 44 cm.
Females from 39 to 43 cm.
With a tolerance of 1cm more or less.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Too short.
- Flat skull.
- Short muzzle.
- Depigmentation of the nose, lips or eyelids.
- Pincer bite.
- Light eye.
- Leathers set high, short, insufficiently turned in or lacking hair.
- Too long or too short.
- Lacking harmony.
- Topline insufficiently firm.
- Slanting rump.
- Deviated stern.
- Insufficient bone structure.
- Angulation too straight.
- Hocks too close.
- Slack in pasterns.
- Insufficiently dense, fine hair.
- Timid subject.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
- Lack of type.
- Prognathism (overshot or undershot mouth).
- Wall eye. Eyes of different colours (Heterochromia).
- Lack of room in the sternal region; ribs narrow towards the lower part.
- Kinky tail.
- Crooked or half-crooked forelegs.
- Woolly coat.
- Self-coloured coat black or white.
- Important depigmentation.
- Size outside the standard.
- Noticeable invalidating fault. Anatomical malformation.
- Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
- Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.