Spaniel (Sussex)

Posted in Gundog Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

SPANIEL (Sussex) 

GENERAL APPEARANCE

Strongly built. Active, energetic dog, whose characteristic movement is a decided roll, and unlike that of any other Spaniel.

CHARACTERISTICS

Natural working ability, gives tongue at work in thick cover.

TEMPERAMENT

Kindly disposition, aggression highly undesirable.

HEAD & SKULL

Skull wide, showing moderate curve from ear to ear, neither flat nor apple headed, with centre indentation and a pronounced stop. Brows frowning; occiput decided, but not pointed. Nostrils well developed and liver in colour. Well balanced head.

EYES

Hazel colour, fairly large, not full, but soft expression and showing little if any haw.

EARS

Thick, fairly large and lobular, set moderately low, just above eye level. Lying close to skull.

MOUTH

Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK

Long, strong, and slightly arched, not carrying head much above level of back. Slight throatiness, but well-marked frill.

FOREQUARTERS

Shoulders sloping and free; arms well boned and muscular. Knees large and strong, pasterns short and well boned. Legs rather short and strong.

BODY

Chest deep and well developed; not too round and wide. Back and loin well developed and muscular in both width and depth. The back ribs must be deep. Whole body strong and level with no sign of waistlines from withers to hips.

HINDQUARTERS

Thighs strongly boned and muscular; hocks large and strong, legs short and strong with good bone. Hindlegs not appearing shorter than forelegs or over angulated.

FEET

Round, well padded, well feathered between toes.

TAIL

Previously customarily docked to 13-18cm (5-7ins)
Docked: Set low and never carried above the level of the back. Tail thickly covered with hair but not feathered.
Undocked: Set low, of medium length, and not carried above the level of the back. It should taper gradually to a point and be moderately feathered. Lively tail action is typical of the breed.

[*refer note below]

GAIT / MOVEMENT

True fore and aft with distinctive roll.

COAT

Abundant and flat with no tendency to curl with ample undercoat for weather resistance. Ears covered with soft, wavy hair, but not too profuse. Forequarters and hindquarters moderately well feathered. 

COLOUR

Rich golden liver and hair shading to golden at tip; gold predominating. Dark liver or puce undesirable.

SIZE

Ideal height at withers: 38 - 41cm (15 - 16in).
Weight: approximately: 23kg (50lb)

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either. (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/02/2018)